The book of job in the bible. Throughout the book job his wife and his friends speculate on why he an upright man suffers. Although the author was an israelite he mentions nothing of israels history. Job accuses god of being unjust and not operating the world according to principles of justice and his friends believe that job s sin caused his suffering.
Addressing the problem of theodicy the vindication of the justice of god in the light of humanitys suffering it is a rich theological work setting out a variety of perspectives. Its author is unknown yet it is possible that job himself wrote it. The story begins by describing an encounter between satan and god.
The latter could be dated anytime from the reign of solomon to the time of israels exile in babylonia. 1 that of job himself and 2 that of the composition of the book. Job decides to talk directly to god.
The book of job is a book in the ketuvim section of the hebrew bible and the first poetic book in the old testament of the christian bible. Two dates are involved. The book of job is narrative history.
Key personalities of this book include job eliphaz the temanite bildad the shuhite zophar the naamathite and elihu the buzite. His life continues to serve as an example of perseverance for christians james 511. The book of job one of the wisdom books of the bible deals with two issues crucial to every person.
It is possible that job is the oldest of any book of the bible written approximately 2100 1800 bc.